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2020年山东省成人高考(高起点)英语模拟试题

来源:www.sdchengkao.com  时间:2020-05-16  作者:山东成人高考网  浏览量:1

一、语音知识

语音知识:共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分

1.______

A.near
B.hear
C.pear
D.Beard

2.______

A.if
B.of
C.loaf
D.Grief

3.______

A.here
B.mere
C.nowhere
D.sincere

4.______

A.edition
B.question
C.application
D.explanation

5.______

A.shoes
B.goes
C.does
D.noses

二、词汇与与语法知识

词汇与与语法知识:共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分

1. I don’ t think this film is by far the most boring, I have seen____.

A.better
B.worse
C.the best
D.the worst

2. Send my regards to your wife when you____home

A.wrote
B.will write
C.have written
D.write

3. Don’ t sit there____nothing; Come and help me

A.do
B.to do
C.doing
D.and doing

4. In this lecture,I can only give you a purely____view of how we can live life to the full and make some suggestions about the future

A.private
B.personal
C.unique
D.different

5. I wasn’ t blaming anyone;I____said errors like this could be avoided

A.merely
B.mostly
C.rarely
D.nearly

6. Had she____her promise, she would have made it to Yale University.

A.looked up to
B.lived up to
C.kept up with
D.come up with

7. Where is the farm____yourbrother is working?

A.That
B.which
C.on which
D.in which

8. Paul is taller than____in his class.

A.all the students
B.any students
C.any other student
D.any one student

9. It was on the morning of 15th March_____ I met Henry on the way.

A.the time
B.on which
C.while
D.that

10. We forbid_____here; Who has allowed you_____here?

A.smoke ; smoking
B.smoking;to smoke
C.smoking ; smoking
D.to smoke ;smoking

11. I know you don’ t like music very much; But what do you think of ____music in the film we saw yesterday?

A.不填;不填
B.the ; the
C.the;不填
D.不填;the

12. You forget it____to me; I haven ’ t forgotten____it to you yesterday.

A.to return;to give
B.returning;giving
C.to return;giving
D.returning;to give

13.We____the last bus and didn’ t have any money for taxi,so we had to walk home

A.reached
B.lost
C.missed
D.caught

14. Progress so far has been very good,____we are sure that the project will be completed on time

A.However
B.Otherwise
C.Therefore
D.Besides

15. Although he is considered a great writer, his works are not widely read

A.but
B.however
C.and
D.不填

三、完形填空

完形填空:共15小题;每题2分,共30分。

1.He was 11 years old and went fishing every chance he got from the dock at his family’s cabin on an island in the middUr of Ji New Hampshire lake. On the day 21the bass (鲈鱼) season openced. he and his faihcr were fishing early in the evening. catching sunfish with worms. Then htMied on a small Iure(鱼饵) and preticed casting(撤网). When his pole 22. he knew something huge was 23 . His father watched 24 as the boy skilfully worked the fish alongside the dock. Finally, he very carefully lifted the 25 fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, but it was a bass. It was 10 p.m. —two hours before the season opened. The father looked at the fish, then at ihe boy.   “You’ll have to 26 son."he said."Dad!" cried the boy. There will beother fish," said his father. Not as big as this one. cried the boy.27 no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever, know what time he caught the fish, the boy could 28 by his fathers firm voice that the decision was fixed.He slowly worked the hook out of the lip of the huge bass and lowered it into 29.The creature moved its powerful body and 30 The boy thought that he wouldnever again see such a great fish.   That was 34 years ago. Today, the boy is a successful architect in New York City.Andhe was. right. He has never again caught such a magnificent fish as the one he__31_ that night long ago. But he does see 32 fish again and again everytime he comes up against a question of principles. As his íather taught him, principles are simple matters ?f right and wrong. It is only the practice of principles that is difficult. Do we 33 when. no one is looking?   We would if we 34 to put the fish back when we were young. for we would have learned the truth. The decision to do right lives 35 in our memory. It is. astory we will proudly tell our friends and grandechildren.

A.until
B.when
C.after
D.before

2.

A.bent over
B.came up
C.turned over
D.broke down

3.

A.on the Other end
B.on-the other hand
C.on one hand
D.at the either side

4.

A.with anxiety
B.in surprise
C.with admiration
D.for fear

5.

A.delighted
B.frustrated
C.frightened
D.exhausted

6.

A.bring it home
B.put it aside
C.put it back
D.pick: it up

7.

A.Even though
B.Now that
C.Ever since
D.In case

8.

A.tell
B.say
C.speak
D.talk

9.

A.the wide container
B.the broad sea
C.the black water
D.the small river

10.

A.fled
B.disappeared
C.floated
D.swam

11.

A.landed
B.saw
C.ate
D.threw

12.

A.a different
B.many big
C.even biger
D.the same

13.

A.do wrong
B.do right
C.do harm
D.do good

14.

A.were taught
B.told
C.were let
D.ordered

15.

A.freshly
B.fresh
C.clearly
D.strongly

四、阅读理解

阅读理解:共15小题;每题3分,共45分。

1.The two most common kinds of logic or reasoning are inductive and deductive.   Inductive reasoning is mainly scientific and factual it begins with collected data,experiments. and examples.When enough information has been colleted,a statement of aprinciple is taken from the examples.   Deductive reasoning begins with a general principle and applies it to a specifie instance or specific instances The conclusions of deduetive thinkers are more tentative than the conclusions of inductive thinkers, who arrive at a principle instead of starting from one.Deductive thinkers are accurate only to the extent that their principle is correct and only to the extent that they have applied it truly.   Both inductive thinking and deductive thinking are tested. and questioned by those to whom the conclusions are presented. Of an inductive thinker,one asks whether the facts are true. whether the exceptions have been noted, whether the selection of materials is representative. whether the conclusions are truly and accurately drawn from the data,whether the conclusions are stated precisely or exaggerated(夸大的). Of a deductive thinker, one asks whether the given principle is impartial truth or mere personal opinion,whether it is applied to materials relevantly,whether the conclusion is accurate according to the principie, and whether exceptions have been noted.With good motives and bad, with bonesty and with deceit. different thinkers teach different conclusions derived from the same data or from the same principle. What is the difference between inductive thinking and deductive thinking?

A.Inductive thinking starts from data, experiments and examples and then arrives at a principle,while deductive thinking starts only from data
B.Inductive thinking starts from a principle,and then applies it to a specifie instance or specific instances, while deductive thinking starts from data experiments and examples and then arrives at a principle
C.Inductive thinking starts from data, experiments and examples and then arrives at a principle,while deductive thinking starts from a general principle,and then applies it to a specific instance or specific instances
D.Inductive thinking starts from data and then applies them to specific instances,while deduetive thinking starts from experiments and then appliesthem to specific instances

2.Which one of the following should an inductive thinker pay attention to?

A.Whether the general principle is impartial truth or mere personal opinion.
B.Whether he is honest or not.
C.Whether the facts are true or not
D.Whether the general principle is applied to material relevantly.

3.The common concern for inductive thinkers and deductive thinkers is___

A.whether the exceptions have been noticed
B.whether they are bearing good motives or not
C.whether the conclusions are derived from the same data
D.whether they starts from the same general principle

4.Which statement among the following is true?

A.Deductive thinking is mainly scientific and factual
B.The deductive thinkers will never be accurate
C.Both inductive thinking and deductive thinking are tested and questioned by those to whom the conclusions are presented
D.One will not care about whether the facts used by an inductive thinker are representative or not

5.A student who enters a university in the second half of the 20th century is in a new situation. He is not like the young man of the early 19th century who came to sit at the feet of the masters and left as a master. That situation no longer exists, because now it is not only the student who changes. He may grow fast, but science grows still faster. The young German philosopher Hegel, writing at the beginning of the 19th century,believed that one man's mind could contain all the knowledge of his times. At that time it was perfectly possible for a man to hold such a belief and to base his life on it. Hegel'sfriend,Goethe wrote a famous poem about a young, man who hoped to translate this purpose into reality. The young man in the poem was ealled Faust. But Hegel's situation was slightly different from Faust's, because Faust, the hero of tbe poem, bad the devil to help him. while Hegel had only his professors. Todoy a very different situation exists, a situation in which the, professors and the devil have lost most of their power. Today a student cannot master knowledge, he can only be its servant. He knows that he can become familiar only with a small corner of knowledge, and that his learning will always be imperfect and incomplete. But he can still hope to add something to the sum of knowledge, and so make the situation slightly more difficult for those who come after him.The poem about Foust is mentioned to tell us,_____

A.he was a young man
B.he got the devil’s help
C.the situation was slightly more difficult for those who came after him
D.today’s learning situation is much different from that in the past

6.A student of tbe 20th century is faced with a new situation because____

A.he has to learn entirely on his own
B.he can never be a master now
C.science grows very fast
D.he is changing all the time

7.Today a student knows that____.

A.his knowledge is often incorret
B.he cannot learn more than the students in the 19th century did
C.those who come after him will have greater dffculties in learning
D.his knowledge is very limited compared with tbe total amount

8.The best title for this passage might be______.

A.Hegel, the Great German Philosopber
B.The Learning Situation in the Modern University
C.How to Study at a Modern University
D.The Rapid Development of Seience

9.When I told my family that I was thinking of taking a cooking job, the roars of laughter were rather discouraging. No one believed that I could cook at all, as I had never had achance to practise at home, Our cook had ruled in the kitchen for thirty years and had an annoying tendency to regard the saucepans, stove and all the kitchen fittings as her own property. I once crept down there when I thought she was asleep in her room to try out an omelette (妙蛋). Noiselessly I removed a frying pan from its hook and the eggs from their cupboard. It was the pop of the gas that woke her, I think, for I was just breaking the first egg when a pair of slippered feet moved round the door and a shout of horror caused me to break the egg on the floor. This disaster, together with the fact that I was using her one very special beloved and cared for frying-pan, upset her so much that she locked herself in the store room with all the food and we had to make our Sunday dinner of bananas. If the family weren't going to be helpful I would look for a job all by myself and not tell them about it until I'd got one. I had seen an agency in a local paper, so as soon as there was no one about to say "Where are you going?" I rushed out of the house in search of it. I sat on the edge of a chair and could see my nose shining out of the corner of my eye.I thought perhaps it was a good thing; it might look more earnest. The woman at the desk examined me through her glasses. Having asked me a few questions, she told me that it would be difficult to get a job without experience. "But," she said, "I' ve got someone who needs a cook badly. " She wrote down a number, and my spirits went up as I took the slip of paper she held out to me, saying:“Ring up this lady. She wants a cook. You wouldhave to start tomorrow by cooking dinner for ten people. Could you manage that?" “Oh yes," said I, never having cooked for more than four in my life.Of the following, which would best characterize the response of the author’s family to her plan of taking a cooking job?

A.Pleased
B.Doubtful
C.Uncomfortable
D.Positive

10.One reason for the author’s: lack of practice in cooking was that___.

A.no one in her family would like her to practise cooking
B.everything in the kitchen was property belonging to the cook
C.the cook would never allow her to do any cooking
D.she was not yet born when the cook came to the house

11.The cook felt uncomfortable when____.

A.She heard a shout of horror
B.she heard the sound of a pair of slippered feet moving round the door
C.she saw the author creep down to the kitchen
D.she saw the author break an egg on the floor

12.When there was no one about, the author rushed out of the house because_____.

A.she was afraid of seeing the cook again
B.she couldn’t answer the question her family would ask
C.that was the only chance for her to leave the house
D.didn’t want to reveal what she was going to do

13.Is language ,like food,a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be starved and damaged? Judging from the drastic experiment of Frederick ? in the thirteenth century ,it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue, he told the nurses to keep silent. All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than lack of language here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year of life especially ,the capacity to survive is seriously affected. Today no such service lack exists as that ordered by Frederick. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the signals of the infant , whose brain is programmed to learn language rapidly. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring skills passes and the might never be learned so easily again. A bird learns to sing and to fly rapidly at the right time , but the process is slow and hard once the critical stage has passed. Experts suggest that speed stages. are reached in a fixed sequence. and at a constantage, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ. At twelve weeks a baby smiles and makes vowel-like sounds. at twelvemonths he can speak simple words and understand simple commands. at eighteen month she has a vocabulary of three to fifty words. At three he knows about 1 000 words which he can put into sentences,and at four he knows his language differs from tbat of his parents in style. rather than grammar. Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the eapacity of speaking. What is special about man's brain, compared with that of the monkey,is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of,say,a toy- bear with the sound pattern toy-bear". And even more incredible is the young brains ability to pick out an order in language from the mixture of sound around him. to analyze , to combine and recombine theparts of a language in new ways. But speech has to be induced-and this depends on interaction between the mother andthe. child. where the mother recognizes the signals in the child's babbling. grasping and smiling,and responds to them. lnsensitivity of the mother to these signals dull the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the childs non-verbal signals is essential to the growth and development of language.What is tbe purpose of the drastic experiment of Frederick in tbe thirteenth century?

A.To discover what language a child would speak without bearing any human speech
B.To prove that a baby couldn’t live witbout his mother
C.To find out what role careful nursing would play in teaching a child to speak
D.To prove that a child would be damaged without learning a langunge

14.Aecording to the passnage the reason that children of the Frederick’s experment died is___.

A.lack of language
B.lack of good mothering
C.without mothet tongue
D.the nurses’enteless nursing

15.Today some children are backward in speaking because___.

A.they are incapable of learning langunge rapidly
B.tbey are faced with so mouch language at once
C.their mothers respond inadequstely to their attempts to speak
D.their brain is not programmed to learn language rapidly

五、补全对话

补全对话:共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分

1.Mary: Hi, Peter! Going away for the holidays, right?
Peter; Yes, I am. ___51 ___?
Mary: Well, I'm going to stay in the city.
Peter: What are you going to do then?Mary: ___52___
Peter: ___53_?
Mary:No, never in a store, but I can learn.
Peter:___ 54_?
Mary:I need money for school next term, and I can get some experience. So, ___55___ again?
Peter: Yes. I've gone camping four times. It's wonderful at a summer camp.
Mary: Well, Peter, enjoy your holidays!Peter:' You too. See you!

六、书面表达

1.Examination作文的内容须包括: (1)考试的作用。(2)人们对考试的不同意见。(3)我的观点。

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